Abubakr Kaffal-Shashi mausoleum is one of the oldest buildings of Tashkent having a historical and cultural big significance. It is situated in the heart of the old Tashkent.
The mausoleum is named after Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Ismail Al-Kaffal Al-Kabir as-Shashi, who was a famous Imam, an expert on the Quran, scientist, and preacher. Because of him, the site received the name of Hazrat Imam – meaning Holy Imam. Abubakr Kaffal-Shashi was deeply devoted to the Muslim religion and spent his life spreading Islam and religious education. In the Arab world, he received the name of the Great Imam.
After the death of Abubakr Kaffal-Shashi in 976, the place where he was buried was considered to be sacred. That’s why there was built a Mausoleum in the 10th century, but unfortunately, it didn’t survive. In the same place in the 16th century, a new one was built under the rule of Shaybanids dynasty. That is preserved till now and currently standing in Tashkent.
The mausoleum has become a popular place of pilgrimage. The Mazar of Kaffal-Shash is built in the form of a khanqah (a building for Sufi brotherhood gatherings and a place for the spiritual retreat). The complex includes cells, madrasa, a refectory and a mosque. Khanqah serves as a shelter for pilgrims.
The mausoleum has a rectangular shape with a huge cylindrical dom. The grave is fenced by a wooden pandjar. The fa çade is decorated with colourful tiles. The stones at the entrance are the graves of followers and students.
Women are allowed to enter the mausoleum only with proper clothing (long sleeve shirts and floor-length skirts or pants).
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